National Chengchi Uuniversity Philosophical Journal is dedicated to scholarly work in philosophy, including present critical discussions of theories, classical works, and significant philosophical issues. The journal maintains the quality of scholarly work by rigorous policies. A submitted article will not be accepted if it violates the policies of concurrent publication, plagiarism, originality, disclosure and conflicts of interest, etc.
Our publication ethics and malpractice statement is mainly based on the “Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors” document developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and existing Elsevier policies. This publication insists on ethical behavior from editors, reviewers, and authors. It is necessary for them to comply with the following duties and responsibilities
Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw the review process.
The journal adopts double-blind peer review, which means that both the authors’ and reviewers’ identities are hidden from each other. Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors in the bibliography section. Reviewers should call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript and any other published paper they are aware of.
Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
The content of any unpublished material contained in a manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Any invited referee who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
Regarding to the submitted manuscripts finished the peer-reviewing, the editors are responsible for deciding which of them will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers. Editors should be guided by the editorial board policies of the journal and comply with the legal requirements that shall then be in force regarding copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors may confer with the editorial committee in making publication decisions.
Editors should ensure that all reviews of submitted manuscripts are exclusively based on their academic merit, without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, or political philosophy of the authors.
Editors and editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
a. Editors should not use unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript or reviewer's comments in the editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author.
b. Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the submitted manuscripts.
c. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests. If competing interests are revealed after publication, the author is required to publish corrections and, if necessary, other appropriate actions should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.
Involvement and Cooperation in Investigations
Editors should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaint are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published article, in conjunction with the publisher. Such measures include contacting the author of the manuscript or the article, giving due consideration of the respective complaint made, and further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies. If the complaint is well-founded, a correction, retraction, expression of concern or other note as may be relevant, will be published in the journal.
Originality and plagiarism
Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or of others, that this has been appropriately cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, form “passing off” another’s paper as the author’s own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s articles (without attribution), to claiming resulting from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviors and is unacceptable.
Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
Articles describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical and unacceptable.
Acknowledgement of sources
Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, such as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without the explicit written permission. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as reviewing manuscripts or grant application, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.
Authorship of the manuscript
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
Fundamental errors in published works
When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with them to correct the paper or retract it. If the editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error , it is the authors’ obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to journal editors of correctness of the paper.